Subject Verb Agreement Examples Using and

Subject-verb agreement is an essential aspect of writing in English. It refers to the agreement between the subject and the verb in a sentence, in terms of their number and person. One of the most common challenges that writers face in subject-verb agreement is when they use “and” to connect two or more subjects in a sentence. In this article, we will provide examples of subject-verb agreement using “and” to help you improve your writing and avoid common mistakes.

1. Two Singular Subjects Connected by “and”

When two singular subjects are connected by “and,” the verb that follows them should be plural. Here`s an example:

– John and Mary go to the park every day.

In this sentence, “John and Mary” are two singular subjects connected by “and.” The verb “go” is in the plural form to match the subjects. If you were to use “goes” instead, it would be incorrect because it`s singular.

2. Two Plural Subjects Connected by “and”

When two plural subjects are connected by “and,” the verb that follows them should also be plural. Here`s an example:

– The dogs and cats play together in the backyard.

In this sentence, “dogs and cats” are two plural subjects connected by “and.” The verb “play” is in the plural form to match the subjects. If you were to use “plays” instead, it would be incorrect because it`s singular.

3. Singular and Plural Subjects Connected by “and”

When a singular subject and a plural subject are connected by “and,” the verb should agree with the subject closest to it. Here`s an example:

– The teacher and her students are going on a field trip.

In this sentence, “teacher” is a singular subject, and “students” is a plural subject connected by “and.” The verb “are” agrees with the plural subject “students” because it`s the closest to it. It would be incorrect to use “is” instead.

4. Compound Subjects Connected by “and” with Different Tenses

When a sentence has compound subjects connected by “and” that are in different tenses, the verb should agree with the subject closest to it. Here`s an example:

– The bird flew away, and the cat chases after it.

In this sentence, “bird” is in the past tense, and “cat” is in the present tense, connected by “and.” The verb “chases” agrees with the present tense subject “cat” because it`s the closest to it. It would be incorrect to use “chased” instead.

In conclusion, subject-verb agreement is an essential aspect of writing that ensures clarity and correctness in your sentences. By using “and” to connect subjects, you can create compound subjects that require proper matching with the verb. With the examples provided in this article, you can improve your writing and avoid common mistakes in subject-verb agreement.